In this article, you will find out everything you need to know about cervical instability and craniocervical instability and the most effective ways to treat the conditions. Many of our patients have been told by their doctor that there is nothing else that can help. This is simply not true. Here at ProHealth Clinic we help to diagnose and address the root cause of your instability with a range of proven treatment approaches. The main treatment we offer is Prolotherapy and we are the only clinic in the UK to offer it specifically for cervical instability and craniocervical instability.
Prolotherapy involves a series of small injections to stimulate the production of collagen cells in order to strengthen and repair damaged or weak ligaments in your cervical spine.
The following videos are of patients of ours who have experienced life-changing results with our treatment:
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Cervical instability, also called cervical instability of the cervical spine (CICS), is a health condition in which ligaments of the upper cervical spine (as opposed to the low back in sacroiliac joint pain) become loose and may lead to symptoms of pain, dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, brain fog and in severe cases nerve damage. There are many more symptoms associated with cervical instability but these are the most common.
What Causes Cervical Instability?
There are several possible risk factors and causes of cervical instability:
- Trauma: Any traumatic event, such as a road traffic accident, blow, or a similar impactful incident, may injure the cervical spine and sprain the ligaments, leading to chronic cervical instability.
- Repetitive injuries: Repeated overuse leads to micro-tears in the ligaments and surrounding structures of the cervical spine, leading to laxity of the cervical ligaments.
- Genetic disorder: People with certain syndromes such as Down Syndrome, and Ehlers-Danlos, frequently experience cervical instability as a symptom.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA): Arthritic conditions such as RA can also cause cervical instability due to progressive deterioration in the joints and the neck vertebrae.
Symptoms Of Cervical Instability
Cervical instability symptoms often mimic other musculoskeletal, orthopaedic, and neurologic disorders. However, certain primary signs and symptoms show that the condition you are having is actually CICS. These include:
- Brain fog
- Recurring headache
- Stiff or tight neck
- Pain and tenderness in the upper neck towards the skull base
- Struggle to hold up your head for a prolonged period
- Heaviness in the head
- Pain aggravating to the shoulder
- Balance issues
- Shakiness in the head and neck
Other treatments that may help Cervical Neck Instability?
A common treatment for cervical instability is chiropractic care. This is used to treat symptoms such as poor posture, headache, and spinal misalignment. This treatment utilized for the upper cervical region can potentially help the condition, but unfortunately can sometimes make it worse.
A 2020 study reported that chiropractic manipulative therapy of the spine is an effective therapy for the correction of cervical instability together with other disorders. Spinal manipulation is reported to be safe and efficacious when performed by an experienced chiropractor.
In rare severe cases of cervical instability surgery may be required. In most surgical approaches, the objective is the correction of craniocervical junction dysfunction at the junction between the skull and the upper spine.
Surgical treatments include:
- Cervical fusion spine surgery
- Screw-rod constructs
- Halifax clamp
- Posterior sublaminar wiring
- Transarticular screws
However, as surgical procedures are invasive and more expensive, doctors generally begin with more conservative treatments first.
3. Physical Therapy
Another effective method for CICS is physical therapy. Doctors generally suggest physical therapy along with chiropractic care. It involves:
- Posture education
- Strengthening exercises
- Soft tissue mobilization
- Joint mobilization
- Spinal manipulation
- Proprioception exercises
Your doctor might advise wearing a cervical collar or a brace depending on the severity of your condition.
4. Strengthening Exercises
You can try strengthening exercises to treat and prevent cervical instability such as:
- Chin tucks – support your posture and neck joints and are the most frequently used strengthening exercises used for the improvement of cervical instability.
- Isometric exercises – give strength to the neck area with its active range of motion.
- Rotating the neck – leads to a slow and periodic strengthening of the muscles and joints surrounding the upper cervical spine.
- Yes and no neck motions – aids in stretching the joints and muscles of the neck. Slow nodding is done in a yes motion. The head is shaken in no motion.
- Practicing good posture – decreases pressure from the spine. Every day good posture should be practised for as long as possible. Every passing day you should be able to practice good posture for a longer duration.
You should consult your physician before starting any of these exercises and stop if any of them cause pain.
How to Prevent Cervical Instability?
Generally, cervical instability occurs in people with connective tissue disorders. People who are at an increased risk, for example, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, need to avert cervical instability.
For the prevention of cervical instability, you need to visit your chiropractor, practice strengthening exercises, mindfully sit in a good posture everyday, and evade circumstances that can potentially cause whiplash or spinal trauma.
All patients should practice these tips for improved general health, especially those with connective tissue diseases or defects in the spine or neck.